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Top 10 cruel dictators of the world

Top 10 cruel dictators of the world

Use of force and systemic harassment of political opponents is the main concept of Dictatorship.Ancient Roman civilization had applied this concept.These are the list of modern history dictators who made it virtually a synonym for gross human rights violations and brutality. Sadly, some of the most brutal dictators in modern history held power not so long ago.
There are the cruel dictators of the world

1 – Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945)

Adolf Hitler was responsible for the greatest ferocity and evilness in human history. He ordered systematic racially based murder of about 11 million of people. Among these people 6 million were Jews.His foreign policy was responsible to provoked World War II which claimed 50 to 70 million lives. To avoid capture of Red Army that was advancing in Berlin Hitler committed suicide on April 30,1945 

2 – Joseph Stalin (1878 – 1953)

.The Georgian-born Soviet leader rose to power after Lenin’s death in 1924. The future ally of the United States and Britain against Germany.The Nazi Germany was a paranoid man .He brutally suppressed his political enemies. About 14 to 20 million of people are estimated to have died in the penalty labor camps .They were known as the gulags and they executed during the Great Purge in the 1930s.

3 – Pol Pot (1925 1998)

The leader of the Khmer Rouge and dictator of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 was directly responsible for one of the severest genocides in modern history. During the four years he held power in Cambodia, about 1 million people died as a result of starvation, imprisonment, forced labor and murder. The Vietnamese ousted him in 1979 but together with his Red Khmer followers he continued to operate in the countryside from Thailand.

 4 – Idi Amin (1925 – 2003)

President of Uganda was responsible for about 250,000 deaths. During his regime of terror deaths where marked by torture, extra- judicial executions, corruption and ethnic persecution. He held power from 1972 to 1979 when he fled the country due to the defeat against Tanzania which he attacked one year earlier. He found refuge in Libya and then in Saudi Arabia where he died in 2003.

5 – Augusto Pinochet (1915 – 2006)

Military dictator who came to power in a coup d’etat in 1973. He held power in Chile for nearly 20 years. He brutally suppressed his opponents.During the first three years more than 100,000 people had arrested. Pinochet stepped down as President of Chile in 1990 after the Chileans voted against continuity of his presidency on a plebiscite.  In the early 2000s, he trialed for violations of human rights but the court has ruled that he is mentally unfit for the trial.

6 – Francois Duvalier (1907 – 1971)

The Haitian dictator, also known as Papa Doc. He governed the poorest country in the Americas from 1957 to his death in 1971. During his reign of terror, about 30,000 Haitians are estimated to have been assassinated, while thousands – mostly intelligence fled the country. Many people consider him responsible for the current situation in Haiti.He was succeeded by his son Jean-Claude Duvalier who continued the reign of terror until 1986 when he went into a self-imposed exile.

7- Francisco Franco (1892 – 1975)

The Spanish dictator held power from 1939. He emerged as the winner of the Spanish Civil War until his death in 1975. His regime was marked by severe repression and systematic suppression of dissidents. Francisco either sent them to concentration camps, sentenced to prison which often includes forced labor or executed. Francois regime became more liberal in the 1960s and 1970s but Spain became a democratic country only after Franco’s death.

8 – Saddam Hussein (1937 – 2006)

The Iraqi dictator come to power in 1979. He is responsible for about 500,000 to 1 million deaths of which the Kurds account for about 70,000 to 300,000. Hussein ousted after the invasion of the US and UK led coalition in 2003. In 2006. He  found guilty for 148 Shi’ite deaths in the early 1980 and sentenced to death. He had executed hanging on December 30, 2006.

9 – Charles Taylor (1948 – )

Former President of Liberia elected in 1997.He had connect with gross human rights violations. He accused for war crimes and crimes against the humanity in the Civil war since 1999 to 2003. He is currently under trial for his involvement in the Sierra Leone civil war .

10 – Mengistu Haile Mariam (1937 – )

The Ethiopian dictator who played the key role in the overthrow of the monarchy. He come to power with a Communist military junta known as the Derg in 1974.. In the late 1970s, he launched a violent campaign known as the Ethiopian Red Terror. They were killing about 500000 people.

 

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